HISTORY

Ayora Garden is maintained since 1987 by the Outstanding Parks and Gardens of Valencia Foundation.

The building was dedicated to daycare in the 90s so the formal garden near the house was completely lost. However, the forest area , although many trees had to be felled due to their poor condition, is a great example of shady summer garden with vegetation islands where vernacular gardening plants such as elephant’s ears, violets, brooms or crinum, avoiding the lawn monotony, have been brought in.

Trees highlight are the casuarina, the ficus tree and Ombú (Phytolaccadioica) because of their large size, and due to its rarity, the Brazil feijoa or guava (Feijoasellowiana) being maybe the longest in our city.

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A few years ago, part of the historical Ayora garden’s surroundings was landscaped, providing the neighbors new services next to the Metro. The new neighborhood’s park complements the current Ayora Garden, furnished by the park with those typical spaces of a modern public park: a large square and sports facilities. The entrance to the main lobby of the metro station with the same name is via it.

The Mansion

A palace built in the late nineteenth century (1889-1990) is displayed in the historical Ayora garden. It is settled in the Algirós district, among Santo Justo and Pastor St., Jerónimo Monsoriu St., Conserva St. and Organista Cabo Square.

It was originally built as a recreational villa in the suburban area of ​​the city, although it is fully integrated into it currently. It was a rest palace made to José Ayora, according to the Mustieles Pelegrín project, securing up high in the northern part of the garden, getting an elevating area closed with a balustrade and surrounding the building, the ramp is eliminated with a stairway located at the main facade, which gives access to the palace. It is a compound of ground floor, main floor and attic under the roof, with a square tower in the center of chamfered corners in each of its sides opening two roman arches. The roof is hipped and has a bulbous dome taking shape with golden tiles.

The facades have framed openingsdistinguishing different models: doors or windows, thus we find doors fenced and topped with ornate pediments, flat arches, diminished or roman twinned; thespacesarranged in the attic under the roof arehorizontally oblong between ceramic cloths with geometric motifs. The facades combine two colors having natural stone pilasters and red brick cloths, holes are also fenced with natural stone.

The main and rear facades stand out due to theircurved-pediment ending; the main one houses the Mercury image having the date of the building’s completion below. The holes on the main floorof these facades have a balustrade parapet, whereas the two side facades have only the central.

In the 80s the building is intended for Nursery and Municipal Police Section. The central iron and glass skylight in different colors with decorative paintings is kept; the staircase is made of marble and wood.

The enclosure assembly has original parts and garden area cut off from the house, the one with the best preserving of original vegetation. However the closest area only retains some of the original trees such as palm trees which flank the access road to the palace.

The Historic Garden

The historic garden is late nineteenth century eclectic style. The garden has mature and oversized trees giving countless shades. It is fragmented by numerous beds and borders which allow winding roads, triangular or round squares, made with soil and lined with rodeno. A cool environment is achieved with a mysterious aura to discover.

The garden extends to the south of the building and is divided into three sections by walls and fencing wire. The first section surrounds the palace and features native trees. The second one presents a rectangular space where playgrounds are installed and native trees such as bananas, false acacia, orange, lemon are located… and covering the walls, a magnificent ivy.

The third part, the widest, is rich in plant species and extends forming a vast rectangle enclosed by high masonry and brick walls. In its all four sides separate entranceshave been openedclosing with wrought iron gates. In the center there are two large plazas, one of which is provided with benches covered with glazed ceramic work, the Rose Garden linkedwith metallic pergolas is located here; as well as the old magnolias bed is close. In the background, an irregular small square where a public fountain from the early 20th century cast iron is also located, with an Ionic column whose shaft is decorated by the city shield.

This garden is characterized by the great variety of plant species with numerous specimens, native and exotic which give it one botanical garden character. Among the many species of trees and plants which can be seen, there are: acacias and false acacia, eucalyptus, Canadian pines, palms, jacarandas, Chinese privet, chinaberry, grevilleas, lemon, orange, magnolia trees, ficus trees, laurels, yours, pitas, gray, hibiscus, oleander, marshmallows, mimosas, bamboo, asparagus, bougainvillea, clumps of daisies, roses, cactus, etc.

The Ampliation (metro station)

Metro Line 5 extends to the harbor – beach providing an intermediate stop in the Garden of Ayora. The station itself promotes an expansion of green zone by the historic garden located at its east, getting a new landscaped open space which incorporates an extensive central promenade on its surface. A new facility for the population of the area, incorporating an indoor pool, is located on the green zone.

Playgrounds and areas for sport complete the uses of the historic garden. The park’s backbone is the central promenade which links Justo and Pastor St. and Jerome Monsoriu St. looking for an effect of variety and perspectives closing. Various spaces are created on either side of this promenade: the access gardens to the semi buried station, a lateralized longitudinal pergola on the central promenade, another garden space between the street and the historic garden, indoor pool, an outdoor are for sport, and a large meadow on the eastern edge which needs redesigning after the underground parking execution.

A new fence is also established in the historical garden’s east enclosure to create permeability between the two landscaped spaces without infringing on Ayora Garden’s closing; the garden keeps its prominence. The wooden pergola with metal structure frames the views of the historic garden and allows enjoying the shade it provides. The promenade looks like a balcony to the station access space; is a multifunctional paved space, bordered by gently sloped gardens and it is an excellent viewpoint over the garden Ayora. Trees and plants such as palms, banana, bitter orange, jacarandas, and rosewoods are set in this expansion.

  • SURFACE
  • 17.000 m2 initially
  • 22.000 m2 with enlargement
  • TIME SCHEDULE
  • Spring-Summer: 9:00-21:00
  • Fall-Winter: 9:00-18:00
  • ADDRESS
  • Santos Justo y Pastor 98, 46021 Valencia
  • Bus (EMT): 9, 10
  • Metro: Lines 1, 3
  • ENTRY
  • Free

THE TOUR


THE ROUTE

In the late nineteenth century,  José Ayora, a merchant of success, commissioned the master builder Pelegrín Mustieles to design a suburban estate as the ones which adorned the garden of Valencia.

The design followed the Valencian garden tradition: near the house, a regular traced garden and farthest, the forest recreation, all fenced by a wall. The garden composed the surrounding landscape

The house was no longer inhabited from the 60s of last century. After years of neglect the City acquired it in 1976, and declared it asProperty of Cultural Interest in 1983.