The Royal Gardens’ history, also known as Viveros Gardens, dates back to the Muslim era.
The sultans of the Muslim Valencia gave constructors the job of building an almunia –similar to the Generalife of Granada- in close proximity to the city, in an orchards area. After the Christian conquest, almost all the kings of various dynasties kept it and enlarged it.
Unfortunately, at the beginning of the nineteenth century it was destroyed, because it was thought that having a place which the French army could bomb from was a threat to the city and, without further thought, the destruction of those wonderful palace and gardens-orchards, famous for its water, plants, fruits and even some exotic animals according to the chronicles, was decided.
In the twentieth century the Royal Gardens begin its transformation into a public park, taking the name of Viveros Gardens by the proximity of the Vivel Vegetable Garden, donated to the City in 1903 to tree nurseries. The lack of an overall design is explained by its acquisition in different phases, which results in a succession of different spaces with different styles solving, over time, the problems of leisure and cultural needs of the city. Its current enclosure is partly done with the fence work and guard that once protected the Garden of the Glorieta.
Pilar de Insausti Machinandiarena conducted a study on this garden in the The Royal Gardens of Valencia work. Origin and fullness.City of Valencia.Minor Series, No. 1. 1993.
The historical category of this garden, its extension and manicured landscaping, and the just abundance of sculptures and monuments enhancing their surroundings, makesit the Valencia’s green heart. Currently, this representative garden of Valencia, given the specific characteristics of the space, has been proposed for classification as “Arboreal Singular Set of Local Interest” within the meaning of Article 6 of Law 4/2006 of 19 May of the Generalitat, Arboreal Monumental Heritage of Valencia.
It can be considered as the flagship city’s garden for its history, cultural, ecological and landscape value, extent and botanical diversity. Its layout responds to different styles of gardening, fruit of the various renovations made with parterres of romantic style in its south, areas mimicking natural landscapes in its northern part, or the famous “Rose Garden”. Also noteworthy for its large number and diversity of tree specimens, 2,769 individuals and 167 different plant species, contains exceptional individuals as the aligning of Washingtoniarobusta filiferas in the promenade from the Llano del Real, one of the longest promenades for walking in Viveros, the big Jacaranda mimosifolia and Podocarpus macrophyllus striking against the Canet Farmhouse,a construction very representative and in good condition of the Valencian rural architecture.
It has spaces where concerts, festivals and fairs, as the book fair, are held. It houses the Museum of Natural Sciences with a modern showroom and also has a circulation circuit for children as well as spaces for activities typical of all urban parks in a big city. In the area we can also find the Interpretation Centre of the Royal Palace and the Royal Palace ruins, having access ramp adapted by 8%, explanatory video (no subtitles) and interpretive panels (no braille). The gardens have three bar kiosk around the park with access suitable but adapted toilet. Public toilets are located in the Canet Farmhouse building.
It has 10 entrances to the original fenced garden, nine of them are practicable access ( access from Llano del Real, two entrances from the C / San Pio V , two accessible from the C / Pintor Genaro Lahuerta , an access from the C / Jaca, an access from the C / Cavanilles and access from Av . BlascoIbáñez ) . There are two entrances not adapted facing to C / St. Pius V and C / Cavanilles features both a step of 15cm without saving.
The routes and streets usually have gravel pavement and uneven shoulders with ramps and stairs with different halftone number of steps. The main routes have areas with concrete floors to facilitate movement between the doors and the maintenance of vehicles.
- TIME SCHEDULE
- Every day from 8:00 am to sunset.
- San Pío V, s/n
- Llano del Real
- C/ Pintor Genaro Lahuerta
- C/ Jaca
- C/ Cavanilles
- Av/ Blasco Ibañez
- 46010 VALENCIA
- TRAFFIC PARK
- Groups, schools, etc. an appointment on phone and fax 184.108.40.206
The historical statuses of this garden, its extension and manicured landscaping, and the very abundance of sculptures or other extolling its surroundings, make it the city of Valencia’s green heart.
It can be considered as the city’s flagship garden due to its history, cultural, ecological and landscape value, extent and botanical diversity. Its layout responds to different styles of gardening, produceof the various renovations made, with parterres of romantic style in its south, areas which mimic natural landscapes in its northern part, or the famous “Rose Garden”.
Also noteworthy for its large number and diversity of tree specimens, 2,769 specimens and 167 different plant species. Among them, exceptional individuals as the Washingtonia filiferas alignment and robust in input promenade from the Pla del Reial, the great Jacaranda mimosifolia and the shocking Podocarpus macrophyllusfacing the Farmhouse of Canet, very representative construction and in good condition, of Valencian rural architecture.